Night Rating


The holder of a Night Rating, is eligible to exercise the privileges of his/her EASA PPL(A), as Pilot-In-Command, in VFR conditions at night.


(a) Applicants shall complete a training course within a period of up to 6 months, at an Approved Training Organization (ATO) or a Declared Training Organization (DTO). The 6 months start from the first training flight.

(b) The ATO or DTO should issue a certificate of satisfactory completion of the instruction that can be used for licence endorsement.

Flight Training

The flight training course shall comprise at least 5 hours of flight time in aeroplanes at night, including:

(a) at least 3 hours of dual instruction, including at least 1 hour of cross-country navigation with at least 1 dual cross-country flight of at least 50 km; and
(b) 5 solo take-offs and 5 solo full-stop landings

The exercises of the night rating flight syllabus should be repeated as necessary until the student achieves a safe and competent standard.

(1) In all cases, exercises 4 to 7 of the night rating flight syllabus should be completed in an aeroplane.

(2) For exercises 1 to 3, up to 50 % of the required flight training may be completed in an Flight Simulator Training Device (Aeroplanes) – FSTD(A). However, each item of exercises 1 to 3 should be completed in an aeroplane in flight.

(3) Starred items (*) should be completed in simulated IMC and may be completed in daylight.

(4) The flying exercises should comprise:

(i) exercise 1:

(A) revise basic manoeuvres when flying by sole reference to instruments*;
(B) explain and demonstrate transition from visual flight to instrument flight*; and
(C) explain and revise recovery from unusual attitudes by sole reference to instruments*;

(ii) exercise 2:

explain and demonstrate the use of radio navigation aids when flying by sole reference to instruments, to include position finding and tracking*;

(iii) exercise 3:

explain and demonstrate the use of radar assistance*;

(iv) exercise 4:

(A) explain and demonstrate night take-off techniques;
(B) explain and demonstrate night circuit techniques;
(C) explain and demonstrate night approaches with or without visual approach aids; and
(D) practise take-offs, circuits, as well as approaches and landings;

(v) exercise 5:

explain and demonstrate night emergency procedures including:

(A) simulated engine failure (to be terminated with recovery at a safe altitude);
(B) simulated engine failure at various phases of flight;
(C) simulated inadvertent entry to IMC (not on base leg or final approach);
(D) internal and external lighting failure; and
(E) other malfunctions and emergency procedures, as required by the AFM;

(vi) exercise 6:

solo night circuits; and

(vii) exercise 7:

(A) explain and demonstrate night cross-country techniques; and
(B) practise night cross-country dual flight and optionally supervised solo to a satisfactory standard.

Theoretical Knowledge Training

The theoretical knowledge syllabus should cover the revision or explanation of:

(1) night VMC minima;
(2) rules about airspace control at night and facilities available;
(3) rules about aerodrome ground, runway, and obstruction lighting;
(4) aircraft navigation lights and collision avoidance rules;
(5) physiological aspects of night vision and orientation;
(6) dangers of disorientation at night;
(7) dangers of weather deterioration at night;
(8) instrument systems or functions and errors;
(9) instrument lighting and emergency cockpit lighting systems;
(10) map marking for use under cockpit lighting;
(11) practical navigation principles;
(12) radio navigation principles;
(13) planning and use of safety altitude; and
(14) danger from icing conditions, as well as from avoidance and escape manoeuvres.

Skill Test

There is no test or examination at the end of the training course


There are no revalidation/renewal requirement.

Night Recency Experience/Carriage of Passengers

A pilot shall not operate an aircraft to carry passengers, as Pilot-In-Command (PIC) at night, unless he/she:

(a) has carried out in the preceding 90 days, at least 1 take-off, approach and landing at night as a pilot flying in an aircraft of the same type or class or a Full Flight Simulator (FFS) representing that type or class;


(b) holds an Instrument Rating (IR)

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